|Color||Typically off-white, Indian meal moth larvae may also appear pink, brown, or greenish in color. Adults appear whitish-gray while the edges of their wings are covered with copper or bronze scales.|
|Size||Fully grown larvae range in size from 1/2 - 5/8" in length. Adult moths have an average wingspan of 5/8".|
|Appearance||The unique wing coloration of adult Indian meal moths is the primary distinguishing factor of the pest.|
Attracted to stored food, ground grains, cereal products, dried herbs, dried fruits, nuts, pet foods, dried flowers, seeds.
This insect is found in a wide range of climates in stored products and food storage facilities around the world.
Female Indian meal moths deposit eggs directly onto grains or similar foods. They lay 100 to 300 eggs at a time, and larvae begin to hatch as early as two days to two weeks after.
The larvae then feed on the fine materials within the grain. After anywhere from six to eight weeks, pupation begins. Adults emerge between 15 and 20 days later.
Adults live anywhere from 5 to 25 days.
The entire life cycle completes within 40 to 55 days, and seven to nine generations occur in a single year.
Signs of Infestation
Look for accumulated mold in potentially infested food sources, as the presence of Indian meal moths can result in an increased potential for water absorption.
The most telling sign of an Indian meal moth infestation is the existence of silken webs in grains and other stored products.
May notice accumulations of fecal matter, cast skins, and egg shells in the silken webbing.
To grow and develop, Indian meal moth larvae feed on seed germ, which often results in a noticeable reduction in the dry weight of the food product.
Adult moths flying around indicates an infestation.
Though the pests do not spread disease or affect the structural integrity of homes, Indian meal moths cause significant damages to stored foods. Both in homes and grocery stores, the insects render a costly amount of product unfit for consumption by humans and pets alike. Indian meal moths frequently travel into homes in infested bags of dried pet food and bird seed. The larval stage is responsible for damage to stored products when the they spin massive amounts of silk that accumulate fecal pellets, cast skins, and egg shells in food products. The adult Indian Meal Moth causes no damage.
Prevention & Control
Proper sanitation is key to preventing infestations of Indian meal moths.
- Spills: Clean up spills and crumbs, and maintain the cleanliness of homes and buildings.
- Food containers: Target containers in which grains and similar items are stored by wiping them clean between uses.
- Inspect food: Examine food products thoroughly before bringing them into the home can help prevent accidental incursions.
- Seal: Store dried food in airtight containers.
Extreme cold or heat kills any moth species, so freezing or heating food items to do away with stored product moths remains an option. Another effective method is to dispose of any infested products.
If an Indian meal moth infestation occurs, count on a professional pest management service to take care of the problem knowledgeably and successfully.