|Color||The gull’s coloration ranges from bright whitish-grey to various shades of brown and even black.|
|Size||17-26″ in length and weigh between 28-44 oz. Their wingspan is 54-58″.|
|Appearance||Gulls are long-winged birds that have a long, hefty bill, also containing rounded tails with robust bodies.|
Their omnivorous diet varies with place and season, but typically includes fish, crustaceans, worms, eggs, and insects. Herring gulls patrol shorelines picking scraps off the surface. They are loud and competitive scavengers, happy to snatch another bird’s meal. They spend much of their time perched near food sources, often in congregations.
Habitat & Nesting
If your business is located near a large body of water, your property may be at greater risk of a problem with gulls. Many modern buildings with flat roofs and straight sides are similar to the sort of cliffs seagulls nest on in the wild. The urban environment offers the gulls easy living with landfill sites, street litter near bars and restaurants and household garbage providing an abundant and easy food source.
The gulls usually nest in colonies, but sometimes in isolated pairs. The nest is built by both the male and female on ground, next to an object such as shrub or rock to protect it from wind. It is shallow, usually lined with grass, feathers, debris.
Mating & Life Cycle
Males establish breeding territories and both members of a bonded pair defend it with threatening postures, warning calls, and chase-attacks in air and on ground. Courtship rituals include mate-feeding and remaining bonded as long as both live. They return to the same territories each breeding season producing one brood per year with three olive-colored eggs in each clutch. A 25 day incubation period is done by both the male and female. The young birds spend 35-42 days in the nest during which one parent is always at the nest. Both parents feed the young by regurgitation. The young are capable of flight 45-50 days after hatching.
Damage & Threats
The close association of seagulls and people can lead to the spread of bird-transmitted diseases, especially since gulls feed from polluted sources such as garbage dumps and bring germs directly to public areas in towns and cities.
Seagulls are known to spread disease, like Salmonella, which could impact employee and customers if the problem is left unresolved.
Seagulls can become very territorial and aggressive towards people when they are rearing their young.
Customers could be put off from entering your store due to the presence of these pest birds. Additionally, maintenance and cleaning costs could be very high for a business to cover if there is a big problem with droppings.
If people get too close to their nesting sites, seagulls will often defecate and vomit on people to protect their young chicks.
Prevention & Control
There are a wide range of bird proofing methods which can help protect your business from seagulls.
- Removal of food sources – ensure lids are kept secure on bins and trash bags are not left in the open (as gulls can rip open trash bags).
- Removal of attractive nesting sites – in urban areas, it is an effective way to help prevent a seagull problem from beginning.
Preventing defacement of buildings due to nesting and roosting will reduce maintenance and cleaning costs. Noise, smell and the risk of infection will also be eliminated, improving the overall health and safety of your business.
Bird Control Services provide customized solutions to address bird concerns through removal, exclusion and deterrence. Factors which determine the best method of control include: area of application, bird species, location, access. Spikes, netting and electrical deterrents are the most commonly used solutions.
The Federal Migratory Bird Act states that most birds and their parts – feathers, eggs, nests, etc.- are protected by federal law from being killed, taken, transports, possessed, bought, sold, imported or exported without a valid federal permit. This includes a majority of the birds species found in Wisconsin, with the exception of resident games birds – such as pheasant, quail and grouse and feral species such as the sparrow, starling and pigeon.
If issues with crows arise, count on a professional pest management service to take care of the problem knowledgeably and successfully. Bird services are limited to commercial clients.